It is with these individuals in mind that we prepared this tutorial.
How to SSH on Mac with the Native SSH Client
The most frequently used, and secure, method of accessing servers remotely is via SSH, otherwise known as Secure Shell. Secure Shell is a cryptographic network protocol that works in a client-server architecture. Both ends of the connection are authenticated using a digital certificate and, as a protocol, it is robust enough to provide communication security over any network. Originally designed as a replacement for Telnet, it uses a command line interface with no GUI support and is used to communicate between computers.
However, unlike Telnet, it provides secure communication using SSL Secure Socket Layer and can maintain any number of shell sessions over a single connection.
Using SSH to communicate with remote servers requires a command line interface. In a Windows system this would be provided by third party programs such as Putty. While there are third party SSH applications available for Linux and Mac, such as OpenSSH, SSH support is native in these operating systems and may be run from within the standard command line interfaces available for each. The command line interface for both, while slightly different for each, go by the same name: Terminal.
Note: Before you attempt a connection to a remote server you need to ensure that your server is configured to accept SSH connections. To do this, access the web console Control Panel of your server to gain access to its settings in order to configure it to accept such connections. Unless this is enabled your server will not accept SSH connections and the attempt will fail.
In order to enter the commands we first need the command line interface provided by the Terminal program. Now that Terminal is open, and you have access to a command line, we may begin. Note: When entering passwords via Terminal, you will not see any response reflected in Terminal while typing the password.
Whereas Windows systems and websites will show placeholders for each entered character E. If you are successful, you should see an altered command prompt, similar to the following:. If you had rebuilt your server, or this is the first time connecting to this server via SSH, then you will encounter the following warning message:.
A part of the SSL security protocol is the establishment of public and private keys between remote servers and local computers connecting via SSH. This extra layer of security comes in handy, especially in the case of brute force password attacks. SSH keys are a means of identification used when connecting to a remote server using public-key cryptography and challenge-response authentication.
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Each time a server is rebuilt then its host key changes. You may use this to verify the host key when logging in.
If the returned host key does not match your records from what you recorded in the server Control Panel then do not proceed any further. Do Not Enter Your Password. This technique is used to surreptitiously acquire passwords to secure servers. Hit Enter You will then be prompted for a password. Setting up an SSH key pair. During the setup process, you will be given the option to provide a public SSH key for the virtual machine. This is the hashed key which the Linux VPS will compare against any new incoming connection.
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Once you have generated the public key, saved the private key on your computer, and attached the public key to the server, you will be able to log in to your Linux VPS. If you are connecting from a Unix-like machine Mac OS or Linux , then the command to connect is simply:. For those with windows, you will need a third party program to connect to the server. From there, click on the "Browse" button and navigate to the private key that is saved on your computer.
Once you have loaded the private key, navigate back to the Session menu. Lastly, make sure that SSH is selected and that the port is A new window has opened and you are connected to your machine.
How to log in to my dedicated server via SSH in Mac OS?
Welcome to the wonderful world of Linux! However, a password or alternate SSH key may be required depending on how you've set things up.
SSH creates an encrypted tunnel between your computer or smart device!
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